Yaghnobi verbal declension

Present-Future(I go, I will go, man merawam, man xoham raft)

 

šawómišt

šáwišt

šáwtišt, sháwči

 

šáwimišt

šáwtišt, šáwsišt

šawó(ri)št

Present Continuous(I am going, man rafta istodaam)

 

šáwakim ast

šáwakt ast

šáwakš ast

šáwakmox ast

šáwakšint ast

šáwakšint ast

 

Past Indefinite(I went, man raftam)

 

ašáwim

ašáwi

ašáw

 

ašawóm, ašawím

ašáwti, ašáwsi

ašawór

 

Past Continuous(I was going, I used to go, man meraftam, man rafta istoda budam)

 

ašáwimišt

ašáwišt

ašáwišt

 

ašawómišt, ašawímišt

ašáwtišt, ašáwsišt

ašawó(ri)št

 

Present Perfect(I have said, man guftaem)

 

wófta im

wófta išt

wófta xast, wóftax

 

wóft(a)om

wóft(a)ot

wóft(a)or

 

Past Perfect(I had said,gufta budaam)

 

wófta óyim

wófta oy,óyi

wófta oy, xoy

 

wófta íyom

wófta íyot

wófta íyor

•             

Past Perfect(I had said, gufta budam)

 

wófta vútaim

wófta vútaišt

wófta vútax

wófta vút(a)om

wófta vút(a)ot, vút(a)os

wófta vú(a)tor

 

Optative (I would go, that I go, man (bi)rawam)

 

šawóm

šaw

šawót

 

šawím

šawt, šaws

šawánt

 

Past Optative(that I had made, karda bosham)

 

íkta vom

íkta vu

íkta vot(i)

íkta vim

íkta vut

íkta vant

 

Potentialis(I can reach, man rasida metawonam)

 

rasta vómišt

rasta vušt

rasta vútišt, vúči, víči

 

rasta vímišt

rasta vútišt

rasta vo(ri)št, voyšt

 

 

Verb to be(there are two different verbs to be)

 

Present(I am, man hastam, man … –am)

-im

-išt

ast, -x, xast, asti, xasti

 

-om

-ot, -os

-or

 

(man mebosham)

vómišt

vušt

vútišt, vúči, víči, vut

 

vímišt

vútišt

vo(ri)št, voyšt

 

Past(I was. man budam)

 

óyim

oy(i)

oy, xoy

 

íyom

íyot

íyor

 

 

avím

aví

avú, aví

 

avóm, avím

avúti, avúsi, avísi

avór

 

 

(man budaam)

vútaim

vútaišt

vúta x(ast), víta (x)ast, vutáx, vítax

vút(a)om

vút(a)ot, vút(a)os

vút(a)or

 

Optative(that I be, man bosham)

 

vom

vu

vot(i)

vim

vut

vant

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